Ottawa – Statistics Canada has released further results from the 2016 Census which provide a new national statistical portrait of the country.
On Census Day, 21.9% of the population reported they were or had ever been a landed immigrant or permanent resident in Canada. This proportion is close to the 22.3% recorded during the 1921 Census, the highest level since Confederation.
In 2016, Canada had 1,212,075 new immigrants who had permanently settled in Canada from 2011 to 2016. These recent immigrants represented 3.5% of Canada’s total population in 2016.
The majority (60.3%) of these new immigrants were admitted under the economic category, 26.8% were admitted under the family class to join family already in the country, and 11.6% were admitted to Canada as refugees.
For the first time, Africa ranks second, ahead of Europe, as a source continent of recent immigrants to Canada, with a share of 13.4% in 2016. Asia (including the Middle East) remains, however, the top source continent of recent immigrants. In 2016, the majority (61.8%) of newcomers were born in Asia.
Toronto, Vancouver and Montréal are still the place of residence of over half of all immigrants and recent immigrants to Canada. More immigrants are settling in the Prairies and in the Atlantic provinces.
There were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada in 2016, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. Since 2006, the Aboriginal population has grown by 42.5%—more than four times the growth rate of the non-Aboriginal population over the same period
In 2016, 13.3%, or almost 1.9 million households, were living in condominiums, up 1.2 percentage points from 2011. Of these households, almost 1.3 million (67.1%) were owners, while 616,570 (32.9%) were renters.
More than 9.5 million of the 14.1 million households in Canada owned their home in 2016, representing a homeownership rate of 67.8%. The rate of homeownership has been relatively stable over the last decade. In 2006, the rate was 68.4% and in 2011 it was 69.0%. In contrast, over the period 1991 to 2006, the homeownership rate rose from 62.6% to 68.4%.
Many factors contribute to trends in homeownership, including demographics, the size of the housing stock; availability and cost of alternatives to homeownership; interest rates and access to financing; and the preferences and needs of Canadians.
The sustained growth in homeownership prior to 2006 was related, in large part, to baby boomers—the demographically significant generation born from 1946 to 1965—entering homeownership. By 2016, most baby boomers were already homeowners and no longer driving an increase. Future trends will be affected by how long baby boomers remain homeowners and whether younger generations own or rent a home.
Wholesale sales rose 0.5% to $62.8 billion in August, led by the personal and household goods and motor vehicle and parts subsectors.
Sales were up in four of the seven subsectors, together representing 47% of total wholesale sales.
In volume terms, wholesale sales rose 0.4%.
Sales increase in five provinces, led by Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia
In Ontario, wholesale sales rose 0.8% to $32.1 billion, on the strength of higher sales in the personal and household goods (+6.4%) and the motor vehicle and parts (+0.6%) subsectors. The gain was slightly offset by lower sales in the machinery, equipment and supplies subsector (-1.6%).
Wholesale sales in Quebec increased for the fifth time in six months, up 1.0% to $11.3 billion in August. Four of the seven subsectors reported higher sales, led by the motor vehicle and parts (+5.8%) and the food, beverage, and tobacco (+2.5%) subsectors.
In British Columbia, sales were up 0.7% to $6.7 billion. Sales increased in five of the seven subsectors, with the machinery, equipment supplies (+7.6%) and the miscellaneous (+10.8%) subsectors leading the gain.
Wholesale sales in Alberta (-2.0%) fell in five of the seven subsectors. The food, beverage and tobacco (-5.1%) and the machinery, equipment and supplies (-3.9%) subsectors contributed the most to the decline.